The third degree of the C Scale.
Ear training. A part of musical education wherein
the student is trained to recognize sounds, intervals and rhythms.
Ebollimento, ebollizione (I). Ebullience, sudden explosion
Echappement (F). Escapement (for piano.)
Echegiatta (I). Echo effect.
Echelette (F). Xylophone.
Echelle (F). Scale.
Echo, eco. The repetition of a subject, usually
with less volume the second time.
Echo attachment. A valve attached to brass instruments
which gives the effect of being heard from a distance.
Éclatant (F). Brilliant, sparkling.
Eclogue. Poem in which shepherds converse, precursor to
Ecossaise. Scottish, a dance in 2/4 meter.
Ecphonetic notation. Very primitive musical notation inserted
Eguale (I). The same, equal.
Eighth. An octave interval.
Eilend (G). To hurry.
Einfach (G). Simple.
Eingang (G). Introduction.
Einhalt (G). Pause.
Einheit (G). Unity.
Einigkeit (G). Harmony.
Einklang (G). Unison.
Einlage (G). An insertion.
Einleitung (G). Introduction.
Einsatz (G). Entrance.
Einstimmig (G). Monophonic.
Eintritt (G). Entrance.
Eisteddfod (Welsh). A gathering of bards.
Elargissent (F). Broadening.
Electronic instruments. Any instrument in which
the tone is produced and/or amplified by electronic circuitry.
Electropneumatic action. Organ action system wherein
the keys activate motors which open the valves on the pipes.
Elegy, elegie. Melancholy piece.
Elmuahim, elmuarifa. Terminology, derived from Arabic,
used in the 13th century to refer to semibreves.
Embolada (Port). A type of rapid Brazilian folk singing
that requires extreme diction skills.
Embouchure (F). The placement of the mouth parts on a wind
instrument. The mouthpiece itself.
Empfindung (G). Feeling.
Empressé (F). Pressing on, rushing.
Ému (F). emotion.
Enchaînement (F). Voice leading.
Enchaînez (F). Proceed directly.
Enchiriadis, enchiridion (Gr). Handbook, manual.
Enclume (F). Anvil.
Encore (F). An extra piece which the audience requests
by means of prolonged applause.
Energico (I). Energetic.
Engfuhrung (G). Stretto of fugues.
English flute. End blown flute.
Enharmonic. Tones that are of the same degree, but written
Ensalada (S). Humorous mixture of verious texts.
Ensemble (F). A group that plays together. The degree
of balance and ease in working together displayed by such a group.
Enté (F). Special type of motet with the upper part
consisting of new text and melody inserted between parts of a
Entr'acte (F). Interval, Intermission. Entertainment during
Entrada (S) Entrata (I). Short introduction or prelude.
Entrée (F). Overture to ballet. A section in a
Entremes (S). intermezzo.
Entry. Entrance of a fugue theme.
Entschieden, entschlossen (G). Resolutely.
Enunciation. Term sometimes substituted for exposition
in sonata form.
Éoliphone (F). Wind machine.
Epilogue. Synonym for coda.
Epinette (F). Spinet, harpsichord.
Episema (Gr). Subsidiary sign in the form of a dash attached
to a neume. Indicates a prolonged note-value.
Episode. A digression from the major figure.
Epithalamium. Poem to be sung by a chorus at weddings.
Epitritus. name for the interval of the fourth.
Equale. Composition for equal voices or instruments.
Equal temperament. The tuning of a keyboard such
that all half steps are equal.
Ergriffen (G). Deeply affected, touched.
Erlöschend (G). Fading.
Ermattend (G). Tiring.
Ernst, ernsthaft (G). Earnest.
Erotic, eroticon. Amorous.
Ersterbend (G). Fading.
Erzähler (G). Narrator.
Erzlaute (G). Archlute.
Esercizio (I). Exercise.
Espinette (F). A special type of harpsichord.
Espressivo (I). Expressive.
Espringale. Jumping, as distinct from round dance.
Esquinazo (S). Serenade style originating in Chile.
Estampe, estampide, istanpitta, stampita. A medieval
form involving a number of repeated sections with various endings.
Estilo (S). Argentine song consisting of alternating slow
and fast sections.
Estinto (I). Extinguishing, Dying away.
Et (L). And.
Eteint (F). Very soft.
Ethnomusicology. The study of ethnic music.
Ethos (Gr). The "character" or cultural associations
that a particular scale was said to have possessed.
Etude (F). Study. A composition which improves technique.
Euphonium. A brass instrument similar to a baritone horn
but having a larger bore.
Evangelium (L). Gospel.
Evensong. Sung form of Evening prayer of Anglican Church,
corresponding to Roman Catholic Vespers.
Exequiae (L). Funeral music.
Exercise. Composition for improving technique.
Exposition. The section of a sonata in which the theme
Expression. The ability to resonate with the audience's
Expressive organ. Harmonium.
Extravaganza. Musical caricature.
Eye music. System of notation wherein the affective (in
addition to acoustic) properties of the music are indicated by
special symbols or methods of notation.