G. The fifth degree of the C Major scale.
Gabelgriff (G). Cross fingering.
Gagaku. Japanese instrument.
Gaitilla. Spanish nasal sounding organ stop.
Galerón (S). ballad in octosyllabic quatrains, popular on the Colombian llanos.
Gallant. Light elegant, Rococo style.
Galliard, gaillarde, gagliarda, gallarda. Dance typical of the 16th century.
Galop. Round dane in 2/4.
Gamba (I). Viola da gamba.
Gambang. Indonesian instrument made of sound bars resting on a resonating trough.
Gamelan. Indonesian orchestra.
Gamut. Scale or range.
Ganz (G). Entire.
Ganze Note, ganze Pause (G). Whole note, whole rest.
Ganzschluss (G). Complete cadence.
Ganzton (G). Whole tone.
Ganztenleiter (G). Whole tone scale.
Ganzschluss (G). Full cadence.
Gapped scale. Scale with intervals greater than a whole step. The pentatonic scale is a gapped subset of the diatonic. Many oriental scales also have gaps.
Garbato (I). Graceful.
Gassenhauer (G). Popular or street song.
Gathering note. The tone sounded before singing to give the singers their pitch.
Gato (S). Argentine rural dance, characterized by lively movements and hemiola.
Gauche (F). Left.
Gaudioso (I). Praiseful, joyful.
Gavotte (F). Dance in 4/4 time, with phrases beginning and ending on the half-bar.
G clef. Treble clef.
Gebrauchsmusik (G). Utility music, for amateurs.
Gebrochener Akkord (G). Broken chord.
Gebunen (G). Legato.
Gebundener Stil (G). Strict contrapuntal style.
Gedackt, gedeckt (G). Stopped.
Gedämpft (G). Damped.
Gedehnt (G). Prolonged in time.
Gefährte (G). The answer of a fugue subject.
Gefühlvoll (G). With feeling.
Gefuhl (G). Expression.
Gegenbewegung (G). Contrary motion; also, inversion of a theme.
Gegenfuge (G). Counterfugue.
Gegensatz (G). Contrast.
Gegenthema (G). Countertheme.
Gehalten (G). Held, sustained.
Gehend (G). Andante.
Geige (G). Violin.
Geisslerlieder (G). Processional songs of 14th century.
Geistlich (G). Spiritual.
Gekkin. Japanese guitar.
Gekoppelt (G). Coupled.
Gelassen (G). Placid.
Gelaufigkeit (G). Technical ease, competence.
Gemächlich (G). Comfortable, leisurely.
Gemässigt (G). Moderate.
Gemeindeleid (G). Congregational hymn.
Gemendo (I). Moaning, lamenting.
Gemessen (G). Restrained.
Gemischte Stimmen (G). Mixed voices.
Generalbass (G). Thoroughbass.
Generalpause (G). A rest for the entire orchestra, usually a surprise after a dramatic part.
Generalprobe (G). Dress rehearsal.
German flute. Transverse flute, as distinct from recorder.
Gesamtausgabe (G). Complete edition.
Gesang (G). Song.
Gesangbuch (G). Song book.
Gesangvoll (G). Cantabile.
Geschick (G). Skill, technical mastery.
Geschleift (G). Legato.
Geschwind (G). Nimble.
Gesellschaftslied (G). Song belonging to the middle classes, as distinct from courtsong or folksong.
Gesteigert (G). Increased.
Gestopfgt (G). Stopped.
Gestossen (G). Detached.
Geteilt (G). Divided.
Getragen (G). Slow.
Ghironda (I). Hurdy gurdy.
Gigelira (I). Xylophone.
Giga, Gigue, Gige. Jig.
Giocoso (I). Playful, jocose.
Gioioso (I). Joyous.
Giro (I). Turn.
Gitana (I). Gypsy.
Giusto (I). Right, firm, just.
Glass harmonica. An instrument whose sound is produced by rubbing the fingers against wet glass bowls of varying sizes. The bowls are spun through a reservoir of water by means of a spindle, articulated to a treadle powered by the feet.
Glee. Entertainment music.
Gleichmassig (G). Even.
Glissando (I). Slurred, smooth, gliding.
Glocke (G). Bell.
Glockenspiel (G). Percussion instrument sounded by striking metal bars.
Glosa (S). Diminutions.
Gondollied (G), Gondoliera (I). Gondola song.
Gong. Percussion instrument originating in the orient. It consists of a vertically suspended concave piece of metal, struck with a padded stick.
Gopak. Lively dance of Byelorussia in duple time.
Gothic music. Music contemporary with the style of Gothic architecture.
Grace. an ornament consisting of a single adjoining note, quickly played.
Gradatamente (I). Gradually.
Gradevole (I). Pleasing.
Gran (I). Great.
Gran cassa, gran tamburo (I). Bass drum.
Grand', Grande (F). Large.
Grand jeu, grand orgue (F). Full organ.
Grand opera. Serious opera.
Grandezza (I). Grandeur.
Grave (I). Grave, solemn.
Gravicembalo (I). Harpsichord.
Grazia, grazioso (I). Grace, gracefully.
Great Organ. The principal manual of an organ, located below the swell and above the choir organ (if any). It contributes big sound.
Gregorian chant. Liturgical chant of Roman Catholic Church, named after Pope Gregory I.
Gross, grosse (G). Great.
Grosso (I). Grand, full.
Ground bass. Repeated bass pattern.
Guajira (S). People from the rural interior of Cuba, applied to a rural style of song.
Guarania (S). Guarani ballad in slow 3.
Guida (I). Theme (of fugue).
Guidon (F). Direct.
Guimbard (F). Jew's harp.
Guitar. Plucked instrument shaped roughly like a violin, but with a flat sounding face, and a round sound hole under the strings. Guitar encompasses a family of instruments, the most standard being the six-stringed variety tuned in a pattern of mostly fourths.
Guitar family. Instruments with the flat face of a guitar, including: cittern, chitarra, battente, balalaika, ulelele, banjo, bandurria, yuehchyn.
Gusle. Primitive one-stringed Russian instrument played with a bow.
Gusto (I). Taste, style.
Gymel, gimel, gemell. Two part polyphony based on thirds, sixths and tenths.